Dutch big-data Mascara telescope finds newly discovered exoplanets around very bright stars. Could they be habitable planets?
Two exoplanets have been discovered around two of the brightest stars in heaven. The planets are much larger than Jupiter and spin around the stars in a few days, which is much bigger and warmer than our sun.
The planets are called MASCARA-1b and MASCARA-2b.
Over 1,000 stars have been discovered with planet transitions, most of them are far away and are very weak according to researcher Gilles Otten.
MASCARA-2b is the second brightest star. The KEPT-9 transit survey is #1. The Kelt star is only 2 percent brighter.
MASCARA-1A and MASCARA-1B were found with a special instrument developed by Leiden Observatory called MASCARA (Multi-site All Sky Camera), a die-hard planet hunter.
This instrument specifically searches for planet transitions around the brightest stars.
However, the instrument is built from five cameras with wide-angle lenses that capture the whole sky at once.
MASCARA has made a picture since the last six seconds. It has captured more than 50,000 stars on camera. The researchers will then look at which stars are getting a little bit weaker, caused by a planet transition.
The finding has many advantages in the future because two exoplanets rotate around super bright stars. This means that astronomers can also explore planets in extreme conditions.
The brightness of the stars opens a new chapter like characterizing the atmospheres in much more detail than ever before.